South Carolina Indians, Indian Traders, and Other Ethnic Connections, 1670 on–

South Carolina Indians, Indian Traders, and Other Ethnic Connections, 1670 on–edited by Theresa M. Hicks from the papers of Theresa M. Hicks and Wes Taukchiray.

  1. Published in 1998 for Peppercorn Publications, Inc. PO Box 11314, Columbia SC 29211 by The Reprint Company, Spartanburg SC 29304.
  2. Dedicated “to those who have always known their Indian heritage…and those who have yet to discover it.”
  3. Filled with the genealogy and migrations of many families:

The Old Settlers:  The Kussos, Spoons Plantation and the Pendarvis family, the Coosas (different from the Kussos), the Edistos, the Kiawahs, the Sewees, the Santees, the Etiwans, the Westos. the Shaawanwas/Shawnees/Savannahs, the Natchez, the Chickasaws, the Yamassees, the Tuscaroras, the Yuchis/Uchees,the Waterees, the Congarees, the Catawbas, and the Cherokees.

Catawbas and Allied Families: Ayers, Blue, Brown, Bunch, Cantey, Chappell/Patterson, Clinton, Cook, Crawford, Evans, George, Gordon, Haigler, Harris, Head/Headd, Heart/Hart, Joe, Kegg, Kennedy, Morrison, March/Mush, Nettles, Owl, Patterson, Readhead, Sanders, Scott, Spratt, Stephens, Timms, Watts, White, Whitesides, Williams.

Edistos, Santees, PeeDees:  Windham, Davidson, Winningham, Mucklevaney (McElvaney), Creel, Friendly, Reeves, Harrison, Willis, Martin, Pratt/Piatt, Wilder, Russell, Dangerfield, Clark, Edgings/Eddings.

Essential facts  revealed: p. 84:  1) “Indians usually had three different names during their lifetime–one when they were young, one in their middle life, and one in their old age.” 2) “There were almost 200 English Indian traders employed as factors by the merchants in the Carolinas.”  3) References found in Memorial Letters to England in 1782 from the Indian Traders and the Federal Government Records in 1850 for the settlement of the Patriot Indian Traders re:  ceded lands in 1772.

Original place names, name changes, mixed marriages and cohabitations, migrations of Indian tribes with actual numbers in each trip and changes of name for each tribe in each location.  Settlements made by Congregationalists from Massachusetts, shiploads of Dutch (and Germans) from New York, English settlers and French Huguenots from Virginia are also described.

This book is not a complete list of families with their kin identified.  As Cardinal Newman stated, “Nothing would be done at all if a man waited till he could do it so well that no one would find fault with it.”  This book is a beginning in the understanding necessary to trace your South Carolina ancestors–especially those in the back country–with accuracy.  Your favorite genealogist, Arlene Eakle

PS  We need more of this type of study–loaded with concrete examples clearly and specifically sourced.  Check it out if your ancestors are found in MO, TN, NC, AL, MS, TX with evidence of SC origins.



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